Characteristics of Wood & Finish

A Product of Nature

Wood is a product of nature. How wood looks and feels is affected by climate, soil nutrients, growing season, season of harvest, and the age at harvest. Wood contains natural imperfections, which add to its character and appeal. Every piece of wood—even from the same tree—is slightly different in color, texture, and grain. All woods and finishes should avoid long-term exposure to moisture.

Cherry Wood DetailCherry

Cherry is characterized by its red undertones, but may vary in color from white to a deep, rich brown. A close-grained wood with fairly uniform texture, cherry can contain pin knots and curly graining. All wood will mature with time, and it is especially true for cherry wood, of which the finish will slowly mature to a rich, darker tone. Those who choose cherry cabinetry should expect to witness this highly sought-after evolution.

The natural features described below are normal and should not be considered defects:

  • Small sap pockets, pin knots, and streaks
  • Color ranges from pale yellow sapwood to deep reddish brown heartwood, with occasional shades of white, green, pink, or even grey
  • Staining reveals subtle variations and colors that typically darken over time
  • Variations within a single door and among adjacent cabinets
  • Likely to accept nicks and bumps over time

Maple Wood DetailMaple

Maple is a close-grained hardwood that is predominately white to creamy-white in color, with occasional reddish brown tones. Maple typically features uniform graining and its characteristic markings may include fine brown lines, wavy or curly graining, bird's eye dots, and mineral streaks.

The natural features described below are normal and should not be considered defects:

  • Creamy white, light blonde, and dark reddish brown tones
  • Mineral streaks are a natural characteristic and will appear darker with stain
  • Curly or burl graining, as well as bird's eye dots and worm tracking that will darken when stained
  • Variations within a single door and among adjacent cabinets
  • Lighter stains will yellow slightly over time

Birch Wood DetailBirch

Birch is a medium-density hardwood with a distinct, moderate grain pattern that ranges from straight to curly. The predominant sapwood color is white to creamy yellow, while the heartwood varies from medium or dark brown to reddish brown.

The natural features described below are normal and should not be considered defects:

  • Small sap pockets, pin knots, and streaks
  • Color ranges from pale yellow sapwood to deep reddish brown heartwood, with occasional shades of white, green, pink, or even grey
  • Staining reveals subtle variations and colors that typically darken over time
  • Variations within a single door and among adjacent cabinets
  • Likely to accept nicks and bumps over time

Oak Wood DetailQuarter Sawn Oak

Quarter sawn oaks elegant, straight-grained appearance sets it apart from the more common “cathedral grain” of plain sawn red oak. With inherent enhanced stability, quarter sawn red oak is a more desirable, higher value alternative to plain sawn. Contrary to plain sawn oak, quarter sawn oak is cut for figure. Using the heart as the edge rather than the center, quarter sawn brings rays and flecks into visibility.

The natural features described below are normal and should not be considered defects:

  • Oak colors range from light tans to deep reddish browns
  • Streaks of yellow or black mineral deposits
  • Rays, checks, and flecks are non-uniform and become visible
  • Noticeable differences in color between open- and close-grained areas
  • Variations within a single door and among adjacent cabinets

Painted Wood DetailPaint

Painted woods offer a classic look for your kitchen, and are also very versatile for design. Painted cabinets work well in a one color kitchen, paired with another color of painted cabinets for added interest, or even combined with finished wood cabinets for a truly unique look. Over time, paint will develop hairline cracks in the finish, most notably around the joints due to natural expansion and contraction of the wood. To help with door stability, 6 Square Cabinets uses MDF for the center panels of all painted doors. The finish of painted cabinets will require additional maintenance for chips, marks, residue from normal kitchen use, and hand/finger prints. Paint may have a slight difference in tones between doors, drawer fronts, and face frames.

Glaze

Glazes on 6 Square's cabinets are applied by hand, making sure all surfaces are satisfactorily covered. Glazing is most apparent in contours where ”hang-up“ occurs, accentuating the grain's natural attributes. Glaze adds depth, dimension, and an understated sheen that's guaranteed to endure. Glazing results in each piece being unique and individualized. Doors with less detailed profiles show less hang-up. When choosing a glazed finish, please understand that each cabinetry component will have a finish appearance that is slightly different from the next. Additionally, glazing over lighter stains will result in more noticeable variation than glazing over a base of a darker stain.

The natural features described below are normal and should not be considered defects:

  • 6 Square's painted doors feature dimensionally stable MDF center panels, in lieu of solid wood, to add stability against seasonal thermal dimensional changes
  • Painted cabinets may require additional maintenance for chips, marks, hand/finger prints, and residue from normal kitchen use

Note: All veneer wood products react differently to stain or paint process. Applied side panel material (veneer) does not have the same character traits as solid hardwood and may vary in color, graining, sheen and tone depths.